Infant mortality rate are especially studied to work out the health and well-being of a society. The other explanation considered by the Black report accepted the relationship between social class and health, the social selection explanation theorises that it is not social class that affects heath but health that affects social class, people who suffer poor health stay at the bottom of the occupational scale because they are not healthy enough to make any progress, and that it is not the lower class which actually causes their poor health but rather people who are ill tend to take time off school and work so their chances of succeeding are less likely than someone who is healthy and is rarely absent from school or work.
The individualist theory thus suggests that the lower social classes have poorer health because, through choice or ignorance, they adopt unhealthy behaviour Harvey p94 The materialistic theory believes that conditions such as poverty or homelessness are a direct cause of mortality.
Sociology term papers Disclaimer: The root triggers for diseases and unwell health are to be found in interpersonal factors, including the way society is organised and structured.
They have less overall to provide themselves with much healthier diets. People argued that the lower classes have higher amount of older people working and in more dangerous jobs; therefore have a lower life expectancy and a higher risk to poor health to those who are younger and work in office based jobs.
The elderly in society are also often diagnosed as sick because they are most vulnerable to illness; a large number of the elderly are in hospitals not because they are sick but because there is no one to look after them at home and also because health and welfare services fail to provide enough care in the community.
Another typical view is Interactionism. Charitable organisations and pressure groups: Those who did the research were persuaded that the reasons for the findings of the difference in health and life expectancy was due to the level of the peoples income, the environment they live in and the quality of their housing.
It has been suggested that social inequality is a feature of all human societies Haralambos and Holbornp. The Marxists theory is an reason of how culture works, how and why record unfolded and a merchant account of the nature of capitalism. This is exhibited by multilevel research a way of assessing health inequalities using several different factors which shows health inequalities even between homeowners surviving in the same streets.
As well as this, primary data can also be a cause for problem as the official sources may not provide an accurate representation of the pattern regarding health and illness.
The idea that disease emanates from an individuals relationship with his environment was part of Greek medical orthodoxy and, as anthropologists have discovered, is a quite common concept in other cultures Gomm p Medical matters are often socially constructed through the beliefs of the medical profession and their power to control the behaviour of society, this happens when alcoholism, smoking or obesity are seen as unacceptable and so are labelled as disease which society finds easier to accept.
Social class, then, is not simply a label applied for convenience in society to differentiate between social groups in terms of similarities and differences in occupation, lifestyle or attitudes; it is, rather, a system of inequality of opportunity. Reporting poor health has been linked with the use of health services and mortality.
The condition of health is socially made resulting historical, public and cultural affects that have formed perceptions of health insurance and sick health. If two people with the same qualification and of different sexes, on average the male will earn on average. Whereas, in reality, mental health issues result from complicated interactions of biological, communal and personal factors.
Most scales, however, recognise an upper, middle and working class. Also gender contributes; men seem to be to possess acculturated quicker than women though this might change as more women go into the working environment.
The understanding of English is an important factor which influences access to care.
The essay will then move onto examining the different health patterns which are class, gender and ethnicity. Once these areas have been identified the different sociological theories; functionalist, Marxist, feminist and interactionist will be evaluated to explain the differences in health patterns.5/5(1).
Social Class And Patterns Of HEALTH INSURANCE AND Disorder Sociology Essay The black survey on Inequalities in health care was presented by the Team of health in the UK by Health Minister, David Ennals in Use different sociological perspectives to discuss patterns and trends of health and illness in TWO different social groups.
I’m going to write about two different social groups, Gender and Social Class because Feminism fits in to gender and Marxism fits into Social Class. What is Social Class? In sociology, the term ‘social class’ is most often used to refer to the primary system of social stratification found in modern capitalist elleandrblog.com stratification refers to ‘the presence [in society] of distinct social groups which are ranked one above the other in terms of factors such as prestige and wealth’ (Haralambos and.
Social class and patterns of health and illness. Although statistics have to be approached with an open mind, evidence has been released which shows overwhelmingly that good health and life-expectancy is dictated by social class, with the lower classes being subject to poorer health and lower life expectancy.
Essay on Inequalities in health and illness.
Explain patterned inequalities in health and illness. Evaluate sources of evidence with regards to class, gender, ethnicity and age There are many different reasons why health inequalities exist due to many factors one extremely important one is social class.Social class and patterns of health and illness sociology essay